Pinctada longisquamosa (Dunker, 1852)

Additional information: 


Biology: 

Biology and ecology of this species were described by Mikkelsen et al. (2004).

Diagnosis: 

Small western Atlantic pteriid, with radial rows of narrow shell lamellae, generally bright coloration (commonly green to yellow), thin nacre (allowing external color and ornamentation to show through shell), a relatively strong ridge interiorly delimiting anterior auricle of LV, and anterior dentition with tooth in RV and corresponding socket in LV; intestine with twisted loop within visceral mass and passing dorsal to heart; pallial tentacles simple.

Distribution: 

Bermuda, peninsular Florida (from St.
Augustine to the Florida Keys to the panhandle), ?Texas, Bahamas,
Greater and Lesser Antilles, Caribbean coast of Mexico, Colombia, and
Venezuela.

Geological age: 

Recent

Taxonomic status and synonymy: 


[The taxonomy is based on Mikkelsen et al (2004).]

Avicula (Meleagrina) longisquamosa Dunker, 1852: 76-77; – Dunker, 1872: 12, pl. 2, fig. 6.

Avicula longisquamosa Dunker. – S. Petit, 1856: 151 [name only]; – Beau, 1858: 21 [name only]; – Dall, 1885: 34 [name only, citing Dunker (1852), S. Petit (1856), Beau (1858) and Krebs (1864)].

Avicula longisqvamosa Dunker [error pro longisquamosa]. – Krebs, 1864: 131-132 [name only, citing Beau, 1858].

Meleagrina longisquamosa “d’Orbigny.” – Arango y Molina, 1878-1880: 268 [name only].

Pteria longisquamosa (Dunker, 1852). – Hayes, 1972 [unpubl.]: 52-58, pl. 2, fig. 2, pls. 6-8, 11f; – Abbott, 1974: 440, no. 5121; – Abbott & Dance, 1982: 301, fig.; – Espinosa et al., 1994: 114 [“rare”, name only, citing Arango y Molina, 1878-1880]; – Camp et al., 1998: 9 [name only]; – Brewster-Wingard et al., 2001: 210-212, 214-216, 218, 220, 223-225, 227, 228, 230; Trappe & Brewster-Wingard, 2001: fig. 3, table 1.

Pinctada longisquamosa (Dunker, 1852). – Mikkelsen & Bieler, 2000: 376 (table 1).

Pteria viridizona Dall, 1916b: 403; 1916a: 15 [nomen nudum]; – Abbott, 1974: 440, no. 5119; – Keen, 1937: 25 [“extralimital” to eastern Pacific fauna].

Pteria viridozona [error pro viridizona] Dall, 1916. – Dall, 1921: 17; – Oldroyd, 1924: 48; – Burch, 1944: 8 [“Specimens in the Golisch collection taken from the backs of deep sea crabs off San Pedro … a very questionable species with no member of the club sure of what it is”]; – Burch, 1945: 5 [name only; “questionable member of our [eastern Pacific] fauna”].

Pteria xanthia Schwengel, 1942: pl. 3, figs. 1-1a [July, nomen nudum], 64 [October]; – Aguayo & Jaume, 1948a: 1; – Fischer-Piette, 1982: 174.

Pinctada xanthia (Schwengel, 1942). – McGinty & Nelson, 1972: 11 [“rare”; name only].

Pinctada sp. – Brewster-Wingard & Ishman, 1999: 374 [“important Florida Bay faunal constituent”].

Pinctada radiata [non Pinctada radiata (Leach, 1814)]. – Smith, 1937: pl. 5, fig. 6; – Pulley, 1952b: pl. 4, fig. 14; – ?Voss & Voss, 1955: 226; – ?Abbott, 1958: 115; – Hudson et al., 1970: 7; – Turney & Perkins, 1972: 7, 9, 10, 12-16, 30, 31, figs. 6, 8, table 3; – Wingard et al., 1995: 7; – Ishman et al., 1996: table 2; – Brewster-Wingard et al., 1996: 18, 19, 21, 22, tables 3, 4; 1997: 9, 11, table 2; 1998a: 164, 166; 1998b: 6, 9, 12, 14, table 2, figs. 5, 6; – Brewster-Wingard & Ishman, 1999: 374-376, fig. 4.

Pteria colymbus [non Pteria colymbus (Röding, 1798)]. – Tabb & Manning, 1961: 584.

Type locality: 

“Venezuelan beach at Puerto Cabello” [Dunker, 1852: 77].

Typification: 

Type material and repository: ZMB 101.674, 1 pair with byssus attached to RV; RV 27.6 mm H, 35.9 mm L; LV 34.0 mm H, 40.2 mm L. Kind of type and mode of designation: Holotype by monotypy. Figured by: Dunker, 1872: pl. 2, fig. 6.

Sun, 2007-12-02 04:15 -- ilya
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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith