Direct optimization, affine gap costs, and node stability

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2005
Authors:L. Aagesen
Journal:Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Date Published:SEP
Accession Number:ISI:000231591500017
Keywords:direct optimization, dna, evolution, gap, morphology, phylogenetics, poy, sensitivity, stability

The outcome of a phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequence data is highly dependent on the homology-assignment step and may vary with alignment parameter costs. Robustness to changes in parameter costs is therefore a desired quality of a data set because the final conclusions will be less dependent on selecting a precise optimal cost set. Here, node stability is explored in relationship to separate versus combined analysis in three different data sets, all including several data partitions. Robustness to changes in cost sets is measured as number of successive changes that can be made in a given cost set before a specific clade is lost. The changes are in all cases base change cost, gap penalties, and adding/removing/changing affine gap costs. When combining data partitions, the number of clades that appear in the entire parameter space is not remarkably increased, in some cases this number even decreased. However, when combining data partitions the trees from cost sets including affine gap costs were always more similar than the trees were from cost sets without affine gap costs. This was not the case when the data partitions were analyzed independently. When data sets were combined similar to 80% of the clades found under cost sets including affine gap costs resisted at least one change to the cost set. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Alternate Journal:Mol Phylogenet EvolMol Phylogenet Evol
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